Revelation 18 is a dirge for the city of Rome in the Old Testament prophetic tradition. Although written at a time when Rome was at the height of her powers, the chapter represents Rome’s demise as certainly as if it were a present reality and depicts kings, merchants, and mariners who survive Rome’s judgment mourning for her. The sins for which Rome is judged are arrogance, obscene wealth, and religious persecution.




Angelic Voices (18:1–8)

Lament (18:9–20)

The Millstone (18:21–24)